Zen "Zen" is a school of Mahayana Buddhismgroup=note Dumoulin writes in his preface to "Zen. A History. Part One: India and China": "Zen (Chin. Ch'an, an abbreviation of ''ch'an-na'', which transliterates the Sanskrit ''Dhyāna'' (Devanagari: ध्यान) or its Pali cognate ''Jhāna'' (Sanskrit; Pāli झान) , terms meaning "meditation") is the name of a Mahayana Buddhist school of meditation originating from India and passed to China. It is characterized by the practice of meditation in the lotus position (Jpn., ''zazen''; Chin., ''tso-ch'an'' and the use of the koan (Chin., ''kung-an''), as well as by the enlightenment experinece of ''satori''sfn Dumoulin-A 2005 p=xvii } that originated in China during the 6th century as Chán. From China, Zen spread south to Vietnam, to Korea and east to Japan.Harvey 1995 p=159–169
Zen budizem "Zen" je šola mahajana (mahāyāna ) budizma, v kitajskem jeziku znana kot "čán". Izraz ''čán'' izvira iz sanskrtske besede ''dhjana (dhyāna )'', ki pomeni »meditacija« (glej poglavje Etimologija).